[1]苏国德,屈昌雪,郭素玉,等.徐州地区416例儿童慢性咳嗽病因构成及临床特点的回顾性分析[J].徐州医科大学学报,2022,42(05):358-362.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.2096-3882.2022.05.009]
 Retrospective analysis of etiology and clinical features of 416 children with chronic cough in Xuzhou area[J].Journal of Xuzhou Medical University,2022,42(05):358-362.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.2096-3882.2022.05.009]
点击复制

徐州地区416例儿童慢性咳嗽病因构成及临床特点的回顾性分析()
分享到:

《徐州医科大学学报》[ISSN:2096-3882/CN:32-1875/R]

卷:
42
期数:
2022年05期
页码:
358-362
栏目:
出版日期:
2022-05-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Retrospective analysis of etiology and clinical features of 416 children with chronic cough in Xuzhou area
作者:
苏国德屈昌雪郭素玉盛尉 张振坤*
徐州医科大学附属徐州儿童医院呼吸二科,江苏徐州221006
关键词:
慢性咳嗽病因构成儿童
分类号:
R725.6
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.2096-3882.2022.05.009
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的研究徐州地区儿童慢性咳嗽的病因构成及临床特点。方法对 2020年1月—12月于徐州医科大学附属徐州儿童医院门诊就诊416例慢性咳嗽患儿的门诊病历资料进行回顾性分析。结果416例患儿的病因分布为:上气道咳嗽综合征(upper airway cough syndrome,UACS)216例(51.9%)、咳嗽变异性哮喘(cough variant asthma,CVA)101例(24.3%)、感染后咳嗽(post-infectious cough,PIC)76例(18.3%);其中365例(87.7%)慢性咳嗽是单病因所致,混合病因51例(12.3%)。不同年龄段(婴幼儿组、学龄前儿童组、学龄儿童组)、不同季节(春季、夏季、秋季、冬季)、不同咳嗽性质(湿咳、干咳)、不同咳嗽时相(晨咳、日咳、夜咳)及慢性咳嗽病因构成差异均有统计学意义( 均P<0.01)。结论徐州地区前3位儿童慢性咳嗽的病因为:UACS、CVA、PIC;不同年龄段、不同季节、不同咳嗽性质及不同咳嗽时相患儿其慢性咳嗽病因构成差异明显。
Abstract:
ob<x>jective To study the etiology and clinical characteristics of children’’s chronic cough in Xuzhou area. Methods The clinical records of 416 children with chronic cough in Xuzhou Children’’s Hospital affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Results The etiological distribution of 416 children was as follows: There were 216 cases (51.9%) of upper airway cough syndrome (UACS), 101 cases (24.3%) of cough variant asthma (CVA), 76 cases (18.3%) of post-infection cough (PIC), 365 cases (87.7%) of chronic cough caused by single etiology, 51 cases (12.3%) of mixed etiology. There were statistically significant differences in the etiology of chronic cough among different age groups (infant group, preschool group, school-age group), different seasons (spring, summer, autumn, winter), different cough properties (wet cough, dry cough), different cough phases (morning cough, daily cough, night cough) and chronic cough (P<0.01). Conclusion The top three causes of chronic cough in children in Xuzhou area were UACS,CVA and PIC . There were statistical differences in the main causes of chronic cough in children with different age stages, seasons, cough properties and cough phases.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*通信作者,E-mail:13952185778@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-06-07